IELTS Writing Test In February 2018
Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies.
People have different views about who should be responsible for conducting scientific research and its management. I agree that the government should play a dominant role in this process rather than companies.
The major reason why the government should manage scientific research is about the concern of its safety. In an age of money worship, there is a high possibility that the desire of making money would drive private companies to carry out some evil scientific projects that violate ethical code, for example, human cloning. In contrast, this risk can be eradicated by the management of the government, which plays a role of a powerful supervisor, thus keeping scientific experiments and purposes from challenging ethical boundaries and laws of modern civilization.
Besides, the replacement of private companies by the government can substantially reduce the costs of scientific achievements. In fact, prices of new technologies, devices and medicines developed by private companies and institutes are exorbitantly high, due to their initial goal of pursuing maximum profits. For example, the consumer price of one single pill for HIV/AIDS is hundreds of dollars, while its factory cost is only a few dollars. Oppositely, if biomedical research is supported by the tax revenue, instead of by private funds, patents and secrets of advanced medical technology do not belong to one private company anymore, and all social medical manufactures can be allowed to mass-produce new medicines, without paying for astronomical patent fees. As a result, new medications and cures will be affordable for all individuals, especially for poor groups.
In conclusion, I believe that scientific research projects should be implemented and controlled by governments rather than privately-held companies.
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